I guess everyone is just now seeing news out of Israel about Reform/Masorti conversions being allowed for citizenship purposes, and the responses of the Orthodox rabbis. This got me to thinking about what makes a conversion halakhic or not. Please: I’m not looking for a Reform vs. Orthodox insulting match; I’m actually just looking for thoughts and discussion about the process itself, as much as possible.
By way of background: I attend a Reform shul, the only one in my town. I have a friend who converted (now he’s made aliyah, so, a long-distance friend) at the Reform shul. He studied Judaism, made it clear that he actually intended to follow strict Orthodox-style mitvos observance, and went before the beit din, which was composed of three Jews. He got circumcised and did tevilah. This seems to meet all the standards that at least Modern Orthodoxy sets; is it simply that there is no way to be sure that he actually accepted the yoke of the mitzvos, so it can’t be determined whether the conversion was halakhic according to Orthodox standards?