I’m a Christian who subscribed to conditional immortality or annihilationism (the idea that the lost will be destroyed in hell or wherever rather than suffer there forever). One verse those who believe in eternal torment bring up is Isaiah 66:24: ‘and their worm will not die and their fire is not quenched.’ The actual verse seems to be about dead bodies, yet later somehow I understand it came to mean Gehenna, a place where bodies and souls or souls will be punished forever. I read some Jewish interpretations (e.g. the Targum, Midrash) and the bit from the Book of Judith that suggest the damned will suffer for some time or forever.
So I’m curious, what was the prevailing interpretation of Isaiah 66:24 at the time it was written, in the intertestamental period, the time of you know who and after? Do Jews agree it refers to Gehenna?
Also what about ‘The Second Death’, as in Revelation. Does it refer to final destruction, torment for a time or torment for eternity?