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The Kristallnacht was 85 years ago today.

Kristallnacht, also known as the “Night of Broken Glass,” was a violent anti-Jewish pogrom that took place in Nazi Germany from November 9 to November 10, 1938. During this brutal event, Jewish-owned businesses, homes, and synagogues were attacked, vandalized, and destroyed, leading to widespread destruction and violence against the Jewish population.

The catalyst for Kristallnacht was the assassination of a German diplomat named Ernst vom Rath by Herschel Grynszpan, a 17-year-old Polish-Jewish refugee. The Nazis used this assassination as a pretext to launch a coordinated and state-sponsored attack on the Jewish community.

During Kristallnacht, mobs of Nazi supporters, along with members of the SA (Sturmabteilung) and the SS (Schutzstaffel), rampaged through cities and towns across Germany and Austria. They smashed the windows of Jewish-owned businesses and looted their property. Synagogues were set on fire, and many Jewish homes were vandalized. Countless Jews were arrested and taken to concentration camps.

The name “Kristallnacht” refers to the shattered glass from the windows of Jewish-owned establishments that littered the streets in the aftermath of the violence. This event marked a significant escalation of anti-Semitic policies and violence in Nazi Germany, foreshadowing the horrors of the Holocaust that would follow in the years to come.

Kristallnacht is a stark reminder of the persecution and violence suffered by the Jewish population in Nazi Germany and is considered a significant turning point in the lead-up to the Holocaust. It is a somber historical event that serves as a symbol of the extreme consequences of unchecked prejudice and hatred.

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Source: Reditt