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Some general questions about the Tanach from a non-Jew.

I’m not Jewish, so I apologize if Tanach isn’t the word I’m looking for. From my understanding, the Torah is a collection of the 5 books detailing the history/accounts of the Jews, then the other books (collections known as Prophets and Writings) make up the Tanach, which collectively makes the entire holy book of the Jews.

What are some of the beliefs regarding parts of the Tanach where one hears the internal thoughts of God? Some parts seem to be obviously inferred, meaning it wouldn’t necessarily matter if one knew the thoughts of God. When God looks back at his creations and “sees that it was good,” it’s obvious that anyone could make that inference.

But in Genesis 18:17-19 (I think I have that correct), God says “Then the Lord said, ‘Should I hide from Abraham what I am doing, 18 since Abraham will surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth will be blessed in him? 19 I chose him, and he will instruct his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing righteousness and justice, so that the Lord may bring to Abraham what He promised him.'” What are the thoughts behind why anyone would know specifically what God was thinking introspectively? And why does God show confusion about what he should do here?

Could anyone offer some really good sermon (from Googling, I believe Jews call them “Derashot”) on aspects of Ecclesiastes. As an atheist, it has always been my favorite book, and extremely interesting. Since Judaism isn’t held down by needing connections, I’d like to hear the raw interpretations of Ecclesiastes. It’d be nice to find something that is a lesson on Ecclesiastes and maybe Rabbi notes on the matter.

If any of the terminology is incorrect, forgive me, only knew one Jewish person and that was as a kid lol. So, I’m much less familiar with the terms/beliefs overall.

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