Today I came across an article saying that the interpretation that the Ancient Rabbis gave of certain prophecies is very different from the common interpretation today, and this led to a couple of questions:
Is the tradition of the Rabbis considered something unchangeable, like the Torah? Or is it something that can be updated/reinterpreted with time?
Is it possible for a scripture to mean multiple things concurrently, such that the interpretations of both the Ancient Rabbis and the more Modern Rabbis might be accurate? Or must we settle on one side or the other?
This is the article, for reference. The claim, in shorthand, is that the Ancient Rabbis (with references to the Babylonian Talmud, Midrash Rabbah, Midrash Tanhuma, and others) expounded the 53rd chapter of Isaiah as saying the prophet spoke of Messiah; but later Rabbis around 1000 CE began to interpret it as referring to Israel as a people.
I would appreciate any answers you could give me. Thanks, and the Lord bless you.