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How does Judaism deal with the challenges modern archaeology and textual criticism pose to traditional understandings of the Tanakh

Hello there!

I’ll just quickly preface this by saying that I’m a Christian, and I’m asking this because I’d like to get some Jewish perspectives on something that is often the subject of intense debate among Christians. I’m not here to debate or try to convince anyone of anything, but to learn with you and the wisdom of your tradition.

I know Judaism is very diverse and I am sure there will be many perspectives to this question, but the jist of it is: how do different traditions in Judaism negotiate some of the findings of modern archaeology and textual criticism that seem to contradict traditional understandings of the Tanakh?

Things such as the thesis that Moses did not write the Torah, but that it was compiled during the Babylonian exile. Or the doubts the existence of a united monarchy, etc…

Do these things pose serious problems? Is it also a contentious topic among different traditions in Judaism? Is there some sort of general consensus on how to treat these apparent challenges and contradictions?

I very much look forward to learning about your perspectives on this.

Ps: please know that many of us see with horror all the hate being once again directed at jews worldwide. I can only imagine all the pain this must cause. I’d just like to say that not everyone shares these abhorrent views and many stand firmly with you in these trying and uncertain times. I certainly do and will continue to do so.

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