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How are contradictory opinions in Jewish texts reconciled?

Salaam/Shalom

I was wondering how seemingly incorrect or contradictory passages in Jewish texts are reconciled. I don’t have the references unfortunately, but hopefully someone will correct me if I’m wrong. They are either from the Babylonian Talmud or the Zohar iirc.

By incorrect I mean historically inaccurate. For example, the Tower of Babel was said to be so tall it took 100 years to reach the top. Would we expect to find some archaeological evidence of such a massive tower, or did God completely erase it when He destroyed it?

By contradictory I mean opinions such as:

• Samael is said to do the will of God. But another passage says that when he descended to Gan Eden to tempt Chava the Torah exclaimed that he was rebelling and that God would curse both horse and rider (i.e. the Serpent and Samael).

• One passage says the Serpent was only a serpent, another says Samael rode the Serpent, another says the Serpent was Samael.

• One passage says the Serpent had intercourse with Chava and conceived Cain while Adam concieved Abel, another says the same but putting Samael in the Serpent’s place, and a third says that Samael had intercourse with Chava and that Cain was from his left side and Abel from his right side (or something along those lines).

submitted by /u/Ibn-Adam
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Source: Reditt

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