Shalom guys, I know this is kind of a touchy subject, and I have no intention to offend. I wanted to come here to ask, because I think this sub would be the most knowledgeable on the history.
I recently made a post in /r/history about religion in Europe, and have started thinking more specifically about the history of Judaism and Jews in Europe’s history. I’m a gentile, but I’m very interested in Jewish history. I wanted to ask here if anyone could help me learn about forced and voluntary conversions from Judaism to Christianity throughout European history. I remember reading that the Spanish Inquisition forced many Sephardim to convert to Christianity, and that those who didn’t convert went to the Ottoman Empire, the New World, etc. Are there any facts, figures, estimates, or stories about how widespread conversion was compared to migrating away from Spain’s hostile attitude towards Jews at the time?
Also, what was the history of Ashkenazim and conversion to Christianity? Was most of it directly forced (during the Crusades, for example)? Do we know how widespread conversion of Ashkenazim to Christianity was due to either personal/safety pressure or choice? Did most Ashkenazim decide to migrate to a safer nation instead of convert?
Thanks for taking the time to answer.