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Are we punished for incorrect rabbinical consensuses?

I’m ethnically Jewish, I don’t consider myself a religious Jew but my brother is orthodox and sometimes we have discussions which make me curious. I hope it’s known I come with good intentions.

So I think it’s quite obvious that with anyone reading the Torah/Bible, there can be a lot of questions as much as answers. I’m aware that there are a lot of resources that aim to answer what the Torah explicitly does not answer (like the Talmud). One of the resources I’m talking about specifically is rabbinical consensuses.

One of the questions that brought about this question was when I asked my brother was about how shabbat works in places like Alaska where the sunset can last for month and when reading an article ( on that, the article stated that this is a newish opinion.

One of the opinions I ask (and the reason why I’m here is), what if they’re wrong? Probably one of the major differences between a rabbi and any other Jew is that the rabbi’s job is to be more learned and to be a teacher, but as humans, we are not without error.

So if we are ultimately judged by our decisions, can we be in trouble for something that we do despite trying with our best intentions to follow God’s law and is there leniency for ambiguity?

I appreciate your responses.

submitted by /u/KyronAWF
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