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"An eye for an eye"–Why The Oral Torah is crucial

As a kid, I didn’t know that there are two Torahs, and we can’t understand the Written Torah without the support of the Oral Torah. According to the Ramban on Exodus 21:24:1, for example:

EYE ‘TACHATH’ (FOR) EYE. It is known in the tradition of our Rabbis that this means monetary compensation.

According to R’ Hillel Danziger and R’ Yosaif Asher Weiss’ commentary to Bava Kamma 5a, there is a mnemonic device to remember this principle, recorded by R’ Yakkov Kamenetsky.

In Leviticus 24:20 it is stated in regard to a man who wounds his fellow:
כַּאֲשֶׁ֨ר יִתֵּ֥ן מוּם֙ בָּֽאָדָ֔ם כֵּ֖ן יִנָּ֥תֶן בּֽוֹ׃
just as he will put a blemish in a person, so shall put…in him. Now, the Rabbis…tell us that this does not mean that the wounder is actually wounded in return. Rather, this “giving” refers to the imposition of a monetary payment. This idea is pithily summed up in the mnemonic…in place of giving he shall pay money (tachas nesina y’shalem kesef).”

What does this mean for non-Jews who don’t have access to the Oral Torah? Learn the seven mitzvos b’nei Noach and then learn Tanakh with commentaries.

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Source: Reditt